As a 501(c)(3) nonprofit, NABP runs consumer education campaigns on prescription drug safety as well as provides programs and other support that assist state agencies in their prescription drug abuse prevention efforts.

NABP operates several programs that provide direct assistance to consumers through education about preventing prescription drug abuse or vetting of online pharmacies so that consumers can be sure the medications they receive are safe. Other programs provide indirect support by ensuring that health care providers have complete information to ensure their patients get the medication they need.