COVID-19 Vaccine Resources

Wearing masks and social distancing can help reduce your chance of being exposed to COVID-19 or spreading it to others, but these measures may not be enough. Vaccines prepare our bodies to fight the virus, if exposed, and can be crucial to maintaining long-term control of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Although highly effective COVID-19 vaccines have been developed and a plan for national distribution established, polls suggest that a sizable proportion of the US population still does not plan to receive a COVID-19 vaccine or is unsure about receiving the vaccine. Pharmacists, practitioners, and health care workers are well-positioned to educate and advise patients on the efficacy of the vaccine. Remind your patients that established processes and procedures are in place to ensure the safety of any vaccine that is authorized or approved for use by FDA. Safety is a top priority, and there are many reasons to get vaccinated.

How the COVID-19 Vaccine Works

The COVID-19 vaccine will help the body develop immunity to the virus that causes COVID-19 without having to get the illness. Different vaccines can work in different ways but all will result in the body being left with a supply of “memory” T-lymphocytes as well as B-lymphocytes that will remember how to fight that virus in the future. It takes a few weeks for the body to produce T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes after vaccination. According to the CDC, none of these vaccines can give you COVID-19.

Get Vaccinated

All health care workers, including pharmacists, are eligible to receive the vaccine. Getting the COVID-19 vaccine is an important step to protecting yourself and your loved ones from COVID-19. View your state board of pharmacy website to understand the next steps in your state.

Vaccine Resources

Read more below for current COVID-19 vaccine resources for health care providers. Follow us on social media to stay up to date with the latest news.


The COVID-19 vaccine development process follows a multi-stage development cycle. Download the FDA Vaccine Facts infographic to understand the path for a COVID-19 vaccine from research to emergency use authorization.

Additional resources describing COVID-19 vaccine development and trials can be found below:


Handling and Logistics

Challenges have been encountered by the health care community when preparing, transporting, and administering COVID-19 vaccine. Refer to USP’s COVID-19 Vaccine Handling Toolkit (updated March 2021) for additional guidance on:

Additional resources are also provided by CDC to assist with COVID-19 vaccine logistics.


Emergency use authorization has been granted by the FDA for three COVID-19 vaccines in the US: Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, and Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) COVID-19 Vaccine. The Moderna and Pfizer vaccines are administered in two shots. The first shot starts building protection and the second is given a few weeks later. The Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) vaccine is administered in a single dose.

It is imperative that COVID-19 vaccines be administered and received according to how they have been authorized by the FDA in order to safely receive the level of protection observed in the large randomized trials. Refer to the emergency use authorization pages for additional information.

Pfizer logo

Pfizer-BioNTech emergency use authorization

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Moderna logo

Moderna emergency use authorization

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Janssen logo

Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) emergency use authorization

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Current and retired, traditional and non-traditional health care professionals can become part of the COVID-19 vaccination workforce. Find out about new liability protections and how to register to be a part of your state’s vaccination efforts.

Additional guidance and resources on vaccine administration can be found below.

Patient Care

Patient Care and Vaccine Resources

Vaccine Communication Toolkits